Side Effects of Defective Mesh
Major Side effects of Vaginal Mesh
Each type of mesh procedure carries its own risks and benefits.
In 2008, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warned of potentially serious complications associated with surgical mesh placed through the vagina to treat POP and SUI. Then, in 2016, the FDA changed the classification of surgical mesh to repair POP transvaginally from a moderate-risk device to a high-risk device.
Research has shown that surgical mesh for transvaginal repair of POP can cause complications such as mesh erosion, pain, infection, bleeding, pain during sex, organ perforation and urinary problems. Many of these complications require additional treatment, including surgery.
Treating SUI with a mesh sling also can cause complications, including mesh erosion, infection and pain. However, research suggests that the complications are infrequent and less severe than are complications associated with surgical mesh for transvaginal repair of POP, and rarely require follow-up surgery.
Other complications and side effects of vaginal mesh implants can include:
- Severe pelvic, genital or groin pain
- Recurrence of prolapse or incontinence
- Nerve damage
- Vaginal scarring
- Degrading of the mesh
- Infection, including urinary tract infections (UTIs)
- Neuro-muscular problems
- Autoimmune problems
- Vaginal shrinkage or shortening
- Vaginal bleeding
- Blood in the stool or urine
- Painful sexual intercourse
- Urinary retention
- Vaginal discharge